That Skunk Doesn’t WANT to Spray You (or Your Dog)

Love is in the air, and it smells like… skunk?

A recent caller to WildCare’s Living with Wildlife Hotline was convinced that the skunk she had seen in her yard was just waiting to spray her or her dog as soon as she left the house.

WildCare’s Living with Wildlife Hotline 415-456-SAVE (7283) and our WildCare Solutions service are answering many calls a day about skunks, most of them from callers with similar concerns.

It is skunk mating season right now, which means skunks are very active.

Male skunks may fight over females, spraying each other in the process, and female skunks may spray males they don’t like. With increased activity, skunks are also coming into contact with hazards more frequently, and using that noxious spray is the skunk’s primary (and virtually only) defense mechanism.

Just because you smell skunk, especially this time of year, it does not mean that you have a skunk “problem.” The skunk is likely just passing through (or having a romantic tryst!) and the smell is very temporary.

Skunk spray is definitely something to avoid, but that’s not really too hard to do. Why?

Because a skunk doesn’t actually want to spray you OR your dog!

Striped Skunk. Photo by Kirk McCabe
January and February are skunk mating season. Photo by Kirk McCabe

A skunk’s spray is generated in the animal’s anal glands, and the skunk does not have an unlimited supply of it. Other than the spray, skunks have few defenses, so a skunk prefers to conserve his resources whenever possible.

A skunk must “recharge” once he uses his spray, and if he completely depletes his scent glands it can take up to ten days to regenerate the full amount, leaving him vulnerable to predators.

Watch the signs

A skunk will typically give a lot of warning before spraying. He will raise his tail and shake it warningly. He will stamp his feet and turn his head and rear end toward you in a “U” shape. Unless taken completely by surprise, he will give these warnings and wait until the last possible second before deploying the “nuclear option” of spraying. A skunk generally prefers to exit the scene with no spraying involved.

Unfortunately domestic dogs don’t read all the warning signs that skunks give, and actually a raised and waving tail may look like an invitation to sniff. Dogs tend to rush right up to skunks, as they would to another dog standing there with his tail up, and this is why dogs so often get sprayed. The skunk sees a perceived predator approaching and feels like he has no other options.

Give them some warning too

WildCare’s Living with Wildlife Hotline and our WildCare Solutions service save hundreds of wild lives every year with advice on how to live better with skunks. These amazing animals are our neighbors, and they provide a very neighborly service by eating slugs, snails, insects and even rodents in our yards and gardens.

We always have the same advice for people concerned about skunks— give them the opportunity to escape without spraying and they will probably do so!

BEFORE stepping into your yard, especially at night, let skunks know you’re coming. Skunks have poor eyesight, they’re not fast and they can’t climb. They don’t want to encounter you or your pets, so if give them some notice that you want to use your yard, they will almost always vacate it ahead of you. They don’t want to interact with you any more than you do with them!

Flip on the porch light. Make noise opening the door. Clap your hands. Whistle. Do a little tap dance. You might feel slightly silly, but this little bit of warning will alert any skunks passing through that you’re coming out, and give them time to exit your yard or hide.

This alert is especially important to do before releasing dogs into the yard. Especially at night, be sure to provide an alert and give skunks (and all wildlife!) a few minutes to hide before letting dogs into the yard.

Skunks. Photo by Linda Campbell

Removing skunk odor

Skunk smell cannot be washed off with tomato juice, ammonia or gasoline. These just mask the odor.

A suggested treatment for odor removal is:

1 quart 3% hydrogen peroxide
¼ cup of baking soda
1 teaspoon of liquid soap

The peroxide and baking soda neutralize the odor; the soap removes the oil that holds the smell.

Be careful, though. This solution may bleach hair and other materials.

Skunk at WildCare. Photo by Alison HermanceMeet your neighborhood skunks

Skunks are beneficial predators that provide excellent control of garden pests like slugs and snails. They are omnivores, so they’ll also eat insects and help clean up fallen fruit in your yard. Skunks also consume rodents, so they help keep your yard free of rats and mice and other small rodents. If you are a gardener, a skunk is a great asset! But be sure not to use slug/snail bait or any poisons, as skunks can and do die from exposure to these pesticides..

Skunks hunt by scent and use their long front claws to dig up beetle grubs, earthworms, roots, and fungi in the soil and under dead leaves. Skunks don’t climb well, but they will eat fallen nuts, fruit and bird’s eggs, along with pet food and anything that smells good in the trash can after raccoons have tipped it over. Field and house mice are regular and important items in the skunk diet, particularly in winter.

Skunks dig holes in lawns looking for grubs and insects, as do several other species of animal. Digging done by skunks normally appears as small, three- to four-inch cone-shaped holes or patches of upturned earth. Long claw marks may be visible.

Skunks become a “nuisance” when their burrowing and feeding habits conflict with humans. They may burrow under porches or buildings for shelter or for a place to have their young and keep them safe until the babies are able to travel.

ExclusionSkunk investigating. Photo by Alison Hermance

During mating season, January through March, male skunks begin to roam widely, often leaving their own territories in search of a mate. During this time, the males are very excitable and may spray more readily. Between these territorial disputes, males fighting and females spraying males they don’t approve of, a lot of skunk odor is generated in early spring. WildCare fields a lot of calls during this time from concerned homeowners who fear they are developing a skunk “problem.” They usually aren’t.

Odor is not always a reliable indicator of the presence of skunks. Especially in this season when skunks are at their most active, you may smell their eye-watering musk and be convinced that the animal is right under your house, when in fact a dispute over a mate in the next backyard is the source of the stink.

Skunks in the neighborhood are one thing, but most people don’t want skunks denning under their homes. When you are absolutely certain that no adults or babies will be closed in, you can prevent skunks from denning under buildings by sealing off all foundation openings. February is the LAST month it will be safe to seal holes in the foundation without risking closing in newborn babies. Even in February, great care must be taken to ensure no animals are inadvertently trapped. Call our WildCare Solutions service for advice 415-453-1000 x23.

skunk graphicTo properly seal openings and prevent skunk habitation, cover all openings with wire mesh, sheet metal, or concrete. Bury fencing in an “L” shape outward 1 1/2 to 2 feet deep in areas skunks can access by digging. Seal all ground-level openings into poultry buildings and close doors at night. Use tight-fitting lids to keep raccoons out of garbage cans, and make sure the cans can’t be tipped over, which puts them at skunk level.

Properly dispose of garbage and enclose and skunk-proof your compost pile! Easily-accessible food sources will attract skunks. Debris such as lumber, fence posts and junk cars provide shelter. Skunks are often attracted to rodents, so poison-free (!) rodent control may be the first step to solving a skunk problem.

Click for WildCare’s useful 24-point Self Home Inspection to help you make sure your home won’t attract denning skunks or other wildlife.

Repellents

There are no registered repellents specifically for skunks, but lights and sounds may provide temporary relief from skunk activity. Most mammals, including skunks, can sometimes be discouraged from entering enclosed areas with ammonia-soaked cloths, however remember to never place ammonia or other chemicals in an enclosed space— the fumes can be fatal to animals. However, repellents are only a temporary measure. Permanent solutions require exclusion.

WildCare SolutionsWildCare Solutions graphic. Image by Jennie Parks

If the smell of skunk is truly excessive and lasts more than 24 hours, WildCare Solutions can help. A trained WildCare Solutions Specialist will conduct a home inspection, and if a skunk or other animal has take up residence, we will humanely and non-lethally evict the animal, and then permanently seal up the entry points to keep the skunk and other wildlife outside.

This WildCare Solutions approach is called “humane exclusion” and is the only long term solution that works. WildCare never kills healthy animals

Call 415 453-1000 X23 for a free phone consultation.

 

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This entry was posted in Wildlife Patient Stories by Alison Hermance.

15 Responses to “That Skunk Doesn’t WANT to Spray You (or Your Dog)”

  1. Ryan

    Do the volunteers in your hospital get sprayed by skunks that are brought in for care? These folks could be hospital workers providing medical care or those who care for skunks in recuperation. How do you keep these “accidents” to a minimum? How do those who bring in skunks from the field keep from getting unnecessarily sprayed when containing/capturing them?

    Reply
    • Alison Hermance

      Good questions, Ryan! Our hospital volunteers and staff do indeed get sprayed occasionally. This is one of the hazards of working in the Wildlife Hospital, and it’s unpleasant, but not unbearable. One of the things all of us who volunteer or work with skunks at WildCare notice is that our worries about being sprayed diminish the more we work with these wonderful animals. But we definitely do our best to avoid getting sprayed, both for our own sake and for the sake of the animals. A spraying skunk is a stressed skunk, and stress is dangerous to our patients. Volunteers and staff make sure to move slowly and quietly around the skunks when they clean their enclosures and leave the animals’ food, and we keep other stressful loud noises to a minimum. Our staff and volunteers have learned how to properly handle skunks to keep their tails tucked under to reduce spraying, and we’ll sometimes wear protective clothing, or just plan on not going out in public that evening if we get sprayed. People that bring skunks to the hospital do occasionally get sprayed, and a skunk that has been injured may have already sprayed, so the smell is strong. It’s definitely obvious when we have admitted a skunk to the clinic!

      Reply
  2. Jen

    super helpful! thank you, Wildcare! Our dog was face-to-tail with a skunk a few evenings ago, and we are still fighting the lingering odor after several doggy baths. Poor doggy, poor skunk! Appreciate this info.

    Reply
    • Lori

      When I worked at a vets the groomer would give the sprayed dogs a bath with dawn dish detergent. It would wash the oil of skunk spray off.

      Reply
      • Donna

        My dog got sprayed by a skunk 2 years ago . Bathed her in zodiac flea & tick. Helped some bot took 3 more baths & the odor inside my house was strong. Sprayed a lot of household sprays for 3 weeks. Never thought of using dawn
        How long did it take for the smell to go away after bathing your dog? Any odor left in the house?

        Reply
  3. Gary Steiger

    I know that there are nomadic skunk families roaming neighborhoods, including mine. (They are cute!) So I imagine you receive skunks from human populated areas. So where to you release them. Back in the neighborhood (perhaps secretly)? In a wild area? If the latter, how do you know that they will be able to feed themselves?

    Reply
    • Alison Hermance

      Thanks Gary! Yes, we do admit many skunks from populated areas, and we are required by California law to return then within a mile of where they were found. In actuality, we do everything we can to return an adult skunk to exactly the place he or she was rescued, as that is the skunk’s home territory. Relocation of wildlife (trapping an animal in one area and releasing him in another) is illegal in California, and with good reason. The vast majority of relocated animals die within a few weeks of being relocated. This makes sense– a relocated animal doesn’t know where to find food, water or shelter, and there is invariably already a skunk in that territory that isn’t happy to see a newcomer. Releasing an adult wild animal in an unfamiliar territory is a recipe for disaster, so we always return recovered wildlife patients to their home territories. Remember that skunks actually make GREAT neighbors! They eat slugs, snails, rats, mice, fallen fruit, carrion and other things you’d rather not have in your garden!

      Reply
      • Gary Steiger

        So if you pick up an orphaned baby skunk in my backyard, you will return it to my backyard?

        Reply
        • Alison Hermance

          We have a little more flexibility with baby animals, as they would be dispersing from their mother’s territory at the age we release them. We still release them within the general area, but not necessarily in the exact spot. If you’re able to welcome a skunk back to your yard, however, we would absolutely be able to release him there!

          Reply
      • Donna

        We have taken over their space. We invaded their territory & took over their space. Humans are responsible for invading their territory not the other way around. There is very little empty space in California. We need to ensure there is space for all animals & allow them on their territory or not take away their space. Humans are greedy. Again they were here long before we were. Respect them. Give them the space they need!

        Reply
        • Alison Hermance

          Hi Donna,
          Skunk spray is an oil, so using Dawn actually gets rid of it, the same way Dawn gets rid of grease on dishes. Unless your dog rolled on the carpet or otherwise spread the skunk spray oils around, there should be little or no residual scent.

          Reply
  4. Cindy F

    Just met a skunk face to face as I moved some loose hay from a horse stall. It didn’t spray me. We both went pretty fast in opposite directions. Now we make a lot of noise. Thanks for confirming that they don’t always spray.

    Reply
  5. Sharon

    Hello!!!
    So I just moved into a town and we have a skunk that makes his/her rounds and always comes into our yards.
    I make noises- even flick lights to scare him/her off – make long TSK noises and the skunk….ignores.
    So I ran into him the other night- as a car came by he was in the neighbor’s driveway- he then bolted into mine and hid. Totally fine. Told him (loudly to announce myself) that as long as he doesn’t spray me or come near me that we would be cool.
    He starts rooting around out of sight and I cheerily smoked my cig while watching a (rather loud) YouTube video. Looking up at the close sound, he came out from our property owner’s car headed towards me – he was not even 3 feet away from me when I yelled “Aw H*LL Naw!”
    He looked up at me- met my eyes- and slowly went back under the car. It’s not exactly pleasurable to be outside and have that every night. Just tonight I poked my head around the corner- the skunk turned and paused- before walking towards me. This doesn’t sound like what your explaining but it is at night where it’s commonly accepted that non-rabid nocturnal animals will come out. (I know nocturnal means “awake at night”)
    So this guy is smart- as I watched him a few nights, he moved behind the trash bins that were close to the fence and pushed himself between it to see if they would fall over. Then he’d eat.
    Tonight he tried to get into my bags- I yelled “Hey- NO! Bad! And he scampered away a little bit. I go in and grab a bottle of repellent (organic and it has chipotle spice?) and spray the bags (the bin they were in he finally tipped over). Sprayed it and I could see him walking towards me from the corner of my eye. Finished and walked inside.

    Either something isn’t right about this Skunk or the other options are: 1.) someone had him as an exotic pet and released him. 2.) he’s a man that was turned into a skunk by a scorned magical being. 3.) he has a weird form of rabies. 4.) he wants to be a pet. 5.) he is so used to urban life that he decides to grocery shop at night – thinks we’re the employees – and tries to come up and ask where the latest sale item is.

    My question is: what can I do to keep him from coming into our yard and from him trying to come up to me like he’s our cat.

    Reply
    • Alison Hermance

      Hi Sharon,
      It sounds to me like option 5 is right on the money: this skunk knows that there is food in the trash cans and has his own little smorsabord each night. Step one will be cutting him or her off from that food source by securing the trash can lids. Bungee cords or clamps will do the trick for this. Then look around and see if there is anything else that might be keeping him around. Any pet food, bird seed, fallen fruits, or large piles of brush will attract wild animals and will need to be removed.

      Next you’ll want to put some deterrents in place. Leaving lights on outside for the next couple weeks will help him stay away, they do not like to be exposed and will avoid going into well lit areas. The scent deterrent with chipotle spice sounds great, and you can add another one in the mix for good measure by simply mixing a few drops of peppermint oil with white vinegar in a spray bottle and spraying that around your property as well. Yet another great scent deterrent is a product that you can buy called Critter Ridder, which smells to wildlife like coyote urine. This entices the animals to move along so they don’t become another animal’s dinner.

      Continue what you’re doing with yelling at the skunk, and to avoid being sprayed, simply announce your presence when you walk outside so he isn’t startled. They have a limited amount of that oil that they spray out, so if he sprays he is left without much of a defense mechanism for a few days. He does not want to spray you, but will if he is directly threatened or startled, so simply letting him know you’re around will help you avoid the risk of spray.

      Let us know if you have any further questions or concerns.

      Reply
  6. Compliance Solutions

    Keep up the great work! Thank you so much for sharing a great posts.

    Reply

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